Now showing items 1-10 of 27
For each a > 2 there is an Infinite Binary Word with Critical Exponent a
(The Electronic Journal of Combinatorics, 2008-08-31)
The critical exponent of an infinite word w is the supremum of all rational numbers α such that w contains an α-power. We resolve an open question of Krieger and Shallit by showing that for each α>2 there is an infinite ...
Class Numbers and Biquadratic Reciprocity
(Cambridge University Press, 1982)
Characterization of the lengths of binary circular words containing no squares other than 00, 11, and 0101
We characterize exactly the lengths of binary circular words containing no squares other than 00, 11, and 0101.
On avoidability of formulas with reversal
(EDP Sciences, 2018-02-13)
While a characterization of unavoidable formulas (without reversal) is well-known, little is known about the avoidability of formulas with reversal in general. In this article, we characterize the unavoidable formulas ...
There are Ternary Circular Square-Free Words of Length n for n ≥ 18
(The Electronic Journal of Combinatorics, 2002-10-11)
There are circular square-free words of length n on three symbols for n≥18. This proves a conjecture of R. J. Simpson.
Counting endomorphisms of crown-like orders
The authors introduce the notion of crown-like orders and introduce powerful tools for counting the endomorphisms of orders of this type.
Square-free Words with Square-free Self-shuffles
(The Electronic Journal of Combinatorics, 2014-01-12)
We answer a question of Harju: For every n ≥ 3 there is a square-free ternary word of length n with a square-free self-shuffle.
Binary Words Avoiding xxRx and Strongly Unimodal Sequences
In previous work, Currie and Rampersad showed that the growth of the number of binary words avoiding the pattern xxxR was intermediate between polynomial and exponential. We now show that the same result holds for the ...
Combinatorics and Algorithmics of Strings
(Dagstuhl Publishing, 2014-03-09)
Strings (aka sequences or words) form the most basic and natural data structure. They occur whenever information is electronically transmitted (as bit streams), when natural language text is spoken or written down (as words ...
Extremal words in morphic subshifts
Given an infinite word x over an alphabet A, a letter b occurring in x, and a total order \sigma on A, we call the smallest word with respect to \sigma starting with b in the shift orbit closure of x an extremal word of ...