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Avoiding Patterns in the Abelian Sense
(Canadian Mathematical Society, 2001-08)
We classify all 3 letter patterns that are avoidable in the abelian sense. A short list of four letter patterns for which abelian avoidance is undecided is given. Using a generalization of Zimin words we deduce some ...
The metric dimension and metric independence of a graph
(The Charles Babbage Research Centre, 2001)
A vertex x of a graph G resolves two vertices u and v of G if the distance from x to u does not equal the distance from x to v. A set S of vertices of G is a resolving set for G if every two distinct vertices of G are ...